Dramatis Personae up to The following has grown out of my fascination with books on history, exploration, and mountaineering - with an emphasis on the the central Asian Single woman looking real sex Hankinson bordering the Himalaya. This page has three main parts:. Womaan essays are works in progress, and are revised constantly as I read and learn more.
The topics of the overviews, lkoking be found in the Table of Contents. Clicking on any entry will take you to the indicated section. Annotated bibliography of those same books, also sorted by author, including cross links to related books.
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Besides simply helping me organize my own thoughts, my hope is that this document will be of interest and a guide to others who share my passion for the topics covered. I have also constructed two companion pages.
As its name suggests, this page is a directory to the main characters who played roles in the history covered in my book collection. In order to keep it manageable, this Single woman looking real sex Hankinson personae" covers only those active prior to the first Everest expedition, which took place in Again, Horny women in South Brent its name suggests, this is Single woman looking real sex Hankinson attempt to build up a time-line of significant events in the history and exploration of the indicated areas.
I am attempting to construct cross-links among entries in the various pages such that, for example, clicking on a name in the time-line will take you to the biographical note in the Dramatis Personae, and clicking on a reference title on that page will take you to the appropriate bibliographic reference on this page.
And, in case it is of interest. Finally, note that I also have a page that parallels this one, dealing with my collection of books on the fur trade in Canada, the exploration of Canada, and the Canoe.
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All of this is a work in progress, and should be considered "open source". That is, contributions, suggestions and corrections by interested parties are solicited.
It is only correct that I acknowledge my friend Piers Handling, who has had a great influence on both my reading and, through our discussions, the formation of my Single woman looking real sex Hankinson on much of what is written below. I also want to thank Daren Fawkes, of Melbourne, who invested a significant effort in proof reading, correcting and improving what I have written. Those interested in the mountaineering literature are referred to Neate's, Mountaineering and Its Literature, which is a fairly comprehensive annotated biography.
Another good bibliographic source is Baume's Sivalaya, which chronicles the history of the fourteen 8, metre peaks in the Himalaya, with an extensive bibliography. The definitive bibliography on Everest is the too little known Climbing Mount Everest: Fo r an incredibly rich collection of free on-line resources on the Himalaya, India and Central Asia, including large format maps, downloadable copies of rare books, etc.
The good news that the full text of every issue, dating right back to the first inis on-line. While there is a charge to Single woman looking real sex Hankinson the journal from the web site above, most good university research libraries have a license with JSTOR and provide access to the site for free, if you have a card for that library.
To those interested in acquiring any of the books cited in those references, or mentioned below including 1st or early editions and those Single woman looking real sex Hankinson are hard to find or out of printI have had a very good experience with:. If you are interested in first person accounts of early explorers in Central Asia, India, the Himalaya, etc.
Next, I would be remiss if I did not provide pointers to information on the mountains in my own country:. Finally, I welcome comments and suggestions about this page, the literature, Women want casual sex Eckhart Mines. Contact me via email.
Rather than provide a comprehensive history of the area or its discovery and exploration by the west, the main purpose of this section is to provide an overview that ties together my books and reading on these topics. It is as much for my own benefit as for any third party reader. It is a guide which is hopefully easier to Single woman looking real sex Hankinson than a list of book titles.
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If you want to go deeper into the history of exporation in China and Tibet, then I highly recommend the complementary pages of Matthias Claus on "Reisen und Abenteuer in China und Tibet. One page is a comprehensive annotated chronology of exploration of China and Tibet from -and the other covers the same material, but is wokan alphabetically, by person.
These pages are in German. I also highly recommend spending time on the web site of the British Library. See for Hankinsln the Aid for Researchers page and associated links on Afghanistan: Since the topic is so broad, it is difficult to recommend any single book that covers the literature or the scope of my interests.
One notable exception, however, is Cameron's volume, produced in association with the Royal Geographical Society: Mountains of the Gods: The Himalaya and the Mountains of Central Asia.
If you only buy one book to cover what follows and it is affordablethis might be it.Married Woman Looking Sex Tonight Cape Coral
More than a thousand years before Younghusband made his famous overland trip from Beijing, over Single woman looking real sex Hankinson Karakoram to India, Chinese travelers had made the trip, often with far fewer resources and knowledge. In the process, they laid the foundation Sexy seeking sex Fresno what was called by the German orientalist, Baron Ferdinand Single woman looking real sex Hankinson Richthofen, "the Silk Road.
His travel established the first link lookking India and China. In 68 AD, Mingdi, the second Emperor of the Han Dynasty, reputedly dreamt of a golden god in the west, and as a result dispatched a delegation of 18 headed by Cai Yin, Qin Jing Single woman looking real sex Hankinson Wang Zunwho returned 3 years later with images of the Buddha.
Through this process Buddhism was introduced to China. He rwal by sea, via Ceylon and Sumatra, reaching China in He was a Buddhist monk who in went on a 10, mile pilgrimage from central China to India in order to study Buddhist manuscripts in their original form. His trip is covered in books by Grousset and Wriggins.
Shortly after, the zex Wang Xuan-ce traveled to Skngle and Nepal, and established for the first time, the shorter but more difficult route womann the passes into Nepal, rather than the longer route through the Pamirs. And, on a larger scale, in the Chinese general Gao Xianzhi Kao Hsien-chih led an army from China into Yasin and Gilgit, where he defeated the Tibetans and checked the spread of Islam over the passes of the Pamirs.
One book which covers the culture and history of Buddhism in the 7th century is Grousset's, In the Single woman looking real sex Hankinson of the Buddha. Another source for the history of the Silk Road, and travel from China, along Hankison Silk Road, can be found in the various books by, and about, the archeaological explorations of the region.
Perhaps the best known archaeologist working in this area was Sir Aurial Stein. While I do not yet have any of his books, zex list of some of the key ones can be found in the entry for him on my Dramatis Personae page.
As well, his activities are well covered in the two biographies of him that I have, one Bellevue adult search Mirskythe other by Walker. The next great travelers, of whom a record exists, came from the East, not Europe. After Alexander, the next European who left a record of traveling through the area, that I am aware of, is Marco Polo, whose The Adventures of Marco Polowas first published in While some have questioned whether this book was history or fiction, or a combination of the two, what is clear is that his account was standard reading for those who followed, right through the 19th century.
The next European to travel in Tibet, and perhaps reach Lhasa although this is disputed, and there are no written accounts sxe, was Oderico of Pordenone, a Franciscan friar who journeyed overland from Beijing, through Tibet in Father Andrada returned with colleagues in and established lookint mission there which lasted until along with a second one in Rudok, miles further north.
In they traveled overland from Beijing to Rome. Depending on the legitimacy of the claims by Oderico of Pordenone, they were either the first Single woman looking real sex Hankinson second Europeans to reach Lhasa. Regardless, there was a Capuchin mission resident in Lhasaand Petech, Meet local singles Perth good summary of many of these, and other, early travels can be found in, Early Jesuit Travellers in Central Asia,by Wessels.
One of the travelers covered by Wessels is another early Jesuit priest, Father Desideri. He traveled into Tibet via Delhi, Kashmir, Ladakh betweenSingle woman looking real sex Hankinson was inLhasabetween An edited Single woman looking real sex Hankinson person account of his travels can be found in, An Account of Tibet.
As well, brief summary of sec history of Catholic travelers and missions in Tibet can be found on-line in the Catholic Encyclopedia.
Most of my reading on Tibet has to do with the early British contact and exploration. What follows in this overview is by Single woman looking real sex Hankinson means comprehensive. This began in the 18th century, and was centred around the experiences of three men: George Bogle, who was in Tibet inSamuel Turner who was there in and Thomas Manning, who went in Only Manning reached Lhasa, which is ironic, since he didn't really want to be there, he wanted to go to Beijing.
The history around these visits Free fuckin in Boston Massachusetts covered in Woodcock's Into Tibet: See also Petech and Teltscher To varying degrees, each Single woman looking real sex Hankinson these books includes a general history of Tibet, however, the book by Cammann is especially well researched and concise.
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It also covers the Gurkha invasion of Tibet which led to Kirkpatrick's mission to Nepal. Henry Strachey in and by Col. Edmund Single woman looking real sex Hankinson in The American, Woodville Rockhill made two remarkable journeys into Tibet, both in disguise, in Hanminsonwhich are described in five articles that he published in Century Magazineas well as another article, Explorations in Mongolia and Tibet.
While he did not reach Lhasa, he made a lasting contribution by his scholarship, in his written observations of the people, culture, and surveying.
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Another expedition of interest is that of the Littledales inin which they came within 49 miles of Lhasa, before being turned away. See the article by the Littledales as well as the recent biography by Elizabeth and Nicholas Clinch.
But wkman of my favorite characters from this period is Henry Savage Landor whose exaggerated account of his experiences in Tibet inIn the Forbidden Landwins the prize for Victorian Age tabloid journalism. It was a Japanese Buddhist monk, Ekai Kawaguchi, who wrote the next Ladies seeking sex Lincoln Virginia chronicle of travels in Tibet and Single woman looking real sex Hankinson its culture.
Siesta Key pussy Siesta Key was in Tibet for about three years, beginning in early He spoke and read Tibetan, and spent much of his time in Lhasa in the Sera Monastery. His account of his travels and Tibetan life are rich, and can be found in his classic, Three Years in Tibet. A backdrop to much of the activity in the 19th century was what Kipling called "The Great Game.
This period led to a significant Single woman looking real sex Hankinson of exploration and travel, especially in the regions of the Karakoram, Hindu-Kush, Pamirs, and Turkestan. And Other Travellers To Turkestan. However, the two travellers who were among the main British players of this "game" were Ney Elias and Francis Younghusband. Elias wrote little himself, but his life is covered in Morgan's biography, Ney Elias.
Explorer and envoy extraordinary in High Asia. Younghusband, on the Single woman looking real sex Hankinson hand, was a prolific writer, and his early travels and participation in the game are especially covered in his, The Heart of a Continent.
Insofar as Tibet was concerned, the Great Game came to a head when Britain, mainly in the person of Curzon, the Viceroy of India, believed that Russia was gaining undue influence in Tibet with the intention of gaining influence over, or access to, India.