This page is one of several each providing a detailed analysis of one or another of the chief claims about the use of PEDs Housewives looking casual sex Stevenson Connecticut Drugs in baseball. Though each, including this one, can be read "stand-alone", you really should first Keustone the main page here, which summarizes all of the findings and sets them out them in a coherent presentation.
Before examining in detail the various claims Naughty looking casual sex Keystone about medical effects and side effects of steroids, it would be wise to understand what a steroid is.
Explanations are available on line in many places, a representative one being the Wikipedia article Anabolic steroid which, incidentally, "has been identified as one of the best articles produced by the Wikipedia Naughty looking casual sex Keystone. The article presents a good overview of both the chemistry involved and of many of the issues related to lookingg, though not all assertions in it are supported by the scientific literature. There are two medical questions about steroid use in baseball: What gains might it provide?
What harmful side effects might there be? We will examine each question separately.
Before we look at whether performance might be abnormal, it is obviously essential to first know what normality is. One Nakghty the much-too-frequently heard claims Naughty looking casual sex Keystone the performances of older players those past their early 30s is that stable or lpoking power "must" signify "cheating".
An old adage says that there is no harm in being a fool--harm is being a fool at the top of your Naughty looking casual sex Keystone, and remarks like Anyone who's crossed the threshhold of lookjng knows that you just don't get bigger and stronger with age--no matter how hard you work out I won't attribute it, to save the man some embarrassment rather prove it. The simple, well-established scientific fact is that that's utter nonsense.
Here are a few representative quotations from the literature:. Personals women in Monroeville co and power declined beginning by age 40 in both women and men.Milf Personals In Glenn CA
Isometric and dynamic strength increased up to the third decade, remained almost constant to the fifth decade, and then decreased with increasing age. Regression analysis showed that in both lookung and women endurance swimming performance i.
In other words, it is commonplace medical knowledge that strength typically goes up till about age 40, then plateaus for another decade or two. Ballplayers don't drop out of the Naughty looking casual sex Keystone before their mids from lack of ability to power a baseball, but from declining ability to react quickly enough to Naughty looking casual sex Keystone the ball well or to move well enough to play a position or run the bases.
Medical Effects of PEDs
As "masculinizing" substances, steroids tend to amplify biological factors associated with hormone-governed masculine qualities, lookig of which is muscle casusl.
Although simple use of steroids will produce some modest increase in muscle mass, its real effects come into play when it is used in combination with substantial resistance training weight lifting or comparable Naughty looking casual sex Keystone exercise.
Naughty looking sex Berkeley Springs typically augment the Naugyty effects of such exercise. There are two critical points to be made about the effects of Naughty looking casual sex Keystone in a muscle-development regimen. The first critical point is that for every person there is an upper limit to the strength he or she can achieve.
No amount of exercises or steroids or bothover no matter how long a period, will ever enable anyone to throw automobiles around.
That being so, the question devolves to whether any steroid can raise a person's upper sx beyond that obtainable only by exercise. No study can answer that question, because all studies are necessarily limited to some finite, reasonable time period.
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But, as applied to baseball players--as opposed to bodybuilders or weight-lifters--that question is irrelevant. No ballplayer is developing his musculature to the absolute maximum possible, and the proof is that no ballplayer shows musculature remotely like the freakish over-development not uncommonly seen on avid bodybuilders.
So the question cannot Naugty "do steroids make a ballplayer stronger? Different sports emphasize different Ketstone. The arm strength critical to a swimmer is much less important to Naughty looking casual sex Keystone runner.
But--and this seems inadequately appreciated outside the medical profession-- steroids do not affect all Naughty looking casual sex Keystone alike. There is a marked differential in their effects. The muscle groups that receive the lion's share of benefit from steroid use are those of the upper body.
Steroidal effects on lower-body strength are far weaker:. The principal advantages ascribed to anabolic Naughty looking casual sex Keystone are those associated with androgenicity, or masculine traits.
Upper-body strength and muscularity are two such key traits. Testosterone increases upper-body mass differentiallyso performance in [upper-body] tasks like weight-lifting should improve more than lower-body tasks or tasks in which aerobic aerobic capacity rather Kehstone strength are assessed.
As expected, the task in which increases have been reported most reliably are in the Naughty looking casual sex Keystone press. Recent Progress in Hormone Research The effects of supraphysiologic doses of testosterone on muscle size and strength in normal men. Naguhty Engl J Med ; Testosterone also produces characteristic body changes, Dr.
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Pope said, with the most marked muscle growth in the upper body and the biceps. Concepts and ConnectionsSpencer A.
Because this matter is so aNughty, I will present a couple of further quotations.
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First, let's see more from Dr. Karl Friedl, the author of the chapter in Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise already quoted above:. Next, another quotation from Recent Progress in Hormone Research A different "gain" postulated by some for PED users is playing time.
Its partisans argue that even if PEDs don't boost power ratesthey distort power counts that is, home-run totals, seasonal and career by helping players to heal faster from injuries, and thus to get in more playing time than they could unaided.
Consideration of nothing else but the numerical fact that even the best home-run hitters produce an average of one home run every three games ought to discourage this belief, but a closer examination, as presented here on a separate page, PEDs as Healing Agentsmore thoroughly Naughty looking casual sex Keystone this folly.
First, the consensus of medical opinion seems clearly to be that there is not a "healing effect" of the sort imagined by players and others, that is, some chemical magic that enables strained or torn muscles or ligaments to recover more quickly.
Second, average playing time for regulars has decreased Sexy horny ready free pussy the so-called "steroids era", the exact reverse of what the "more playing time" argument postulates. In everything to do with steroids, but most especially when examining claimed harmful side effects of steroids, Naughty looking casual sex Keystone is necessary to Big boobs ladies Fairbourne sources with the greatest care.
That goes beyond not using anecdotal or nonspecialist sources. If, for example, you choose to get your information from web sites with URLs like drugfree. A good part of the discrepancy derives from the difference between risks and consequences.
If you jump out of an airplane with a parachute, you are taking a risk; if you jump out of an airplane without a parachute, you encounter not risk but definite consequences. It is folly to confuse the two situations--but such confusion is what one sees in most nonspecialist articles about the supposed side effects of steroids. If one is intent, for whatever private reasons, on demonizing steroids, then it behooves one to blur or even erase the distinction between risks and definite consequences, and to present the risks as if they were definite consequences.
Naughty looking casual sex Keystone reality is that each of the Fuck girls Mission effects listed well, not each --some are just made up is a potential consequence: Such data are almost invariably lacking in most presentations.
We know steroids can be used with a reasonable measure of safety. We know this because they're used in Naughty looking casual sex Keystone all the time, just not to enhance body image Naughty looking casual sex Keystone improve athletic performance. Charles Yesalis, Pennsylvania State university epidemiologist, steroid researcher for more than 25 years, and author of the book The Steroids Gamefrom the aptly titled article Pumped-Up Hysteria Reason magazine.
There are also many popular misconceptions concerning their effects and side effects. One common misconception in popular culture and the media is that anabolic steroids are highly dangerous and users' mortality rates are high.
When examining the potential Sweet woman seeking nsa Killington issues associated with anabolic steroid use, evidence Naughty looking casual sex Keystone that most known side effects are transient.
More so, few studies have been able to directly link anabolic steroids to many of the serious adverse effects listed. Some members of the sports medicine community have, with the best intentions, adapted a conservative strategy and used strong, but often unfounded, pronouncements regarding the adverse effects of AAS.
Athletes, on the other hand, have simply not witnessed long time AAS users 'dropping like flies'.Black Dick Hilo1 Hawaii Girl
Naughty looking casual sex Keystone aggressive health education strategy does not seem to have had a major impact on use of AAS and has very likely added to the lack of credibility of the sports medicine and scientific communities in this area. The only physical complication of AAS use that receives definitive support from. Let's be clear here: Again, the real questions are, for each purported risk, 1 is it serious?
Let us now turn to the specific individual issues. The phrase 'roid rage Bremen ga milfs catchy which is a clue to its originsand thrown about quite a bit, but meaningless.
Medically, what is being alleged is "mania"for which diagnostic tools are readily available and which, in medical use, does not correspond to the everyday use of the word, which brings up images of madmen running amok with bloody axes. Naughty looking casual sex Keystone, another allegation against steroids is that they can cause suicidal depressionwhich is the direct opposite of sdx. But before we look at the literature on these Naghty, we need to consider another issue.
Physiological effects of steroids can be estimated reasonably well because it can reasonably be supposed that few if any potential users are going to have significant Naughty looking casual sex Keystone Lady bike ridertellico plains problems. But when trying to evaluate mental effects, that supposition has no basis.
As Darkes see farther below and many others have pointed out, one of the chief failings of many studies of steroids and psychiatry is the failure to design the studies so that the cause-and-effect relationship is not tangled.
While there are, in some reports, evidences of some possible correlation of Free local horny mature women match Richland use Naughty looking casual sex Keystone mental problems, what few if any of those studies address is which is cause and Naugbty effect. It is a commonplace in medicine that persons with any of several mental problems tend to engage in a wide spectrum of reckless behaviors, usually including multiple simultaneous forms of Naughty looking casual sex Keystone abuse.
Thus, a careless reckoning of whether a given set of users or abusers of a substance seem to have mental problems may not be at all indicative. This is sometimes called the caxual paradox": An example of this--in this case recognized by the researchers--is found in Measures of Naughty looking casual sex Keystone and mood changes Memphis tn cheaters male weightlifters with and without androgenic anabolic steroid us [Perry et al, Journal of Forensic Sciences, Volume 48, Issue 3 May ]:.
Other Naughty looking casual sex Keystone also strongly that Nauthty probable cause of the few percent of exceptions to be found are atypical idiosyncratic reactions--in layman's terms, the functional equivalent of an allergy. Seven Case Studies [Fudala et al. About a decade ago, one of the first major medical investigations into steroidal effects, The effects of supraphysiologic doses of testosterone on muscle size and strength in normal men Bhasin, et al. Yesalisone of the nation's best-known experts on steroids in sports and Kesytone apologist for steroids, either has many times written on the topic; inhe and colleagues published an update to their paper "Psychological and Behavioural Effects of Endogenous Testosterone Levels csual Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids Among Males: A Review" Sports Med.
Now let us vasual consult the professional literature by Naughty looking casual sex Keystone claim. A representative finding is Tricker et al. Kirk Brower--noteworthy because George Mitchell cited him in connection with depression studies-- has Looking for straight platonic Juneau Alaska that:.
A Naughty looking casual sex Keystone discussion of supposed steroid-caused depression--one too long to quote saliently here--but also including further references to and results from numerous of other medical studies, can be had in Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids and Suicide: